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Odessa, Ukraine

Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi, formerly known as Akkerman (see naming section below), is a regional city and port situated on the right bank of the Dniester Liman (on the Dniester estuary leading to the Black Sea) in the Odessa Oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine, in the historical region of Bessarabia. The city serves as an administrative center of the Bilhorod-Dnistrovsky Raion and a big freight seaport.
The town became part of the Principality of Moldavia in 1359. The fortress was enlarged and rebuilt in 1407 under Alexander the Kind and in 1440 under Stephen the Great. From 1503 to 1918 and 1940 to 1941, the city was known as Akkerman, Turkish for "white fortress". From 1918 to 1944 (with a short brief in 1940–1941), the city was known by its Romanian name of Cetatea Albă, literally "white citadel". Since 1944 the city is known as Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi, while on the Soviet geography maps often translated into its Russian equivalent of Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy literally "white city on the Dniester".

The city is known by translations of "white city" or "white rock" in a number of languages including Белгород Днестровски in Bulgarian, Akerman in Gagauz, Białogród nad Dniestrem in Polish, and Dnyeszterfehérvár in Hungarian

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